Story of Change

PTPD’s Aspirations for the Villages

Author: KOMPAK
Published: 21/01/2022

Unlike regular sub-district offices, Belik Sub-district office in Pemalang District, Central Java, has its own ‘clinic’. It is not an ordinary ‘clinic’ where people seek treatment, but a special one dedicated to helping the villages in handling various governance issues.

“Almost every day, we have village officials coming in for a consultation. The questions vary, but mostly about how to compile and prepare the Village Work Plan or Village Budget,” said Muryati, Community and Village Empowerment Section Coordinator for Belik Sub-district1.

The sub-district facilitates village administration governance, including in village participatory planning,

Since the issuance of Law No. 6 of 2014 concerning Villages, the roles and functions of sub-districts in assisting and supervising the village administration are becoming more critical. As the administrative area closest to the village, the sub-district facilitates village administration governance, including in village participatory planning, under its function.

To improve village governance, the Directorate General of Village Government Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, together with the Central Java Provincial Government and with support from KOMPAK, created a pilot model for Integrated Village Capacity Building (PKAD Terpadu). The Belik Sub-district was then set to be the pilot site. To support this pilot project, a series of training sessions for the sub-district officials who serve as the village governance facilitators (Pembina Teknis Pemerintahan Desa/PTPD) was being implemented in 2017.

The aim of the trainings is to strengthen the sub-district’s main tasks and functions to assist, supervise, and build the village capacity in preparing the village development planning and financial management. “We learned a lot from these trainings, especially the ones related to village regulations, planning, and budgeting,” said Muryati, who also serves as PTPD.

9 out of 12 villages in the Belik Sub-district were often late in ratifying the Village Development Work Plan (RKP Desa) and Village Budget (APB Desa).

The sub-district’s task to assist, supervise, and build the village capacity becomes more effective with the presence of PTPD and Village Clinic. According to Muryati, before the increase in the capacity of sub-district officials, 9 out of 12 villages in the sub-district were often late in ratifying the Village Development Work Plan and Village Budget; the two key documents for the village to properly serve its community.

“Yes, PTPD really helps us. If we make an error [when preparing the Village Development Work Plan or Village Budget], we can consult them. Now we only need to coordinate with the sub-district for reporting matters. Before PTPD, it was different. We, who in fact live far from the government centre, have to go back and forth to the regional government office whenever we encounter an error. Not only once, but many times so that our time and energy were being wasted,” said Tono Ambrono, Secretary of Sikasur Village, Belik Sub-district.

Village Development Work Plan and Village Budget are the key documents for the village to properly serve its community.

Tono is not the only one who benefits from the presence of PTPD. Gading Sinaratri also received immense support for his work as the Governance Section Coordinator in Gunung Jaya Village. Gading is one of the village officials who frequently consults with PTPD. Besides consultation on village administration or assets, Gading often asks for guidance regarding the preparation of village budget accountability reports. “It becomes clear when you come to the clinic, especially for preparing the budget report. We typically consult via WhatsApp group,” he explained.

Two Villages Piloted PTPD Assistance

KOMPAK specifically assisted the PTPD implementation pilot in Sikasur and Kuta Villages, Belik Sub-district, despite the fact that PTPD also assisted other villages in this sub-district. Besides facilitating classical training, KOMPAK also strengthened the facilitation using on-the-job training methods by having mentors to assist the process. As a result, the two villages became a reference regarding implementing financial reporting and village capacity building in Pemalang District.

Heru Weweg Sambodo, Head of Belik Sub-district, who serves as the technical implementer in PTPD Team on behalf of the Head of Pemalang District, explained that the assistance should not stop at the 12 villages in Belik Sub-district. But spread to all 211 villages in Pemalang District. “We hope the remaining villages that KOMPAK have not assisted can additionally receive assistance, so they can all utilise the same administrative approach strategy for financial reporting,” he added.

The village officials are facilitated with the classical training as well as on-the-job training methods

He admitted that the assistance brought many benefits to the villages that make the flow of financial reporting efficient and controlled, in accordance with the District Head Regulation, which requires all villages to use the Village Financial System (Sistem Keuangan Desa/Siskeudes). “That kind of good practice should be developed and applied to other villages, because the result boosts the confidence of the assisted villages as well as helps the villages to be accountable to the government. We hope that KOMPAK can still synergize with the village, sub-district, and other local governments,” he continued.

Sodiq Ismanto, Acting Head of Community and Village Empowerment Agency (Dinas Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Pemerintahan Desa/Dinpermasdes) of Pemalang District, said that KOMPAK’s innovation disrupted the system at the district level. “KOMPAK supported us whenever we encountered a problem at the district and village levels by bringing in competent source persons. It educates and enlightens us,” he explained.

According to him, the series of programs compiled by KOMPAK―from regulations to the already-running village and district capacity building―helped direct the government’s plan for the future. “We integrate their programs to create a better government system. It drives the synergy between the Regional Apparatus Organisation (OPD) and KOMPAK to produce innovation and makes us aware of the obstacles that need to be resolved comprehensively," he said.

PTPD Institutionalisation in All Sub-districts of Pemalang District

Since its introduction in 2017, over 80% of villages in Belik Sub-district have increased the allocation of basic services by 8–10%, including the budget for Village Capacity Building activities through Village Independent-Learning Models (PbMAD). Village participation also increased through involvement of the community in village planning.

Most villages in Pemalang have increased the allocation of basic services by 8-10%, after the PTPD implementation

The success of the village administration assistance and supervision pilot in Belik Sub-district encouraged the Pemalang District Government to institutionalise PTPD. With the support from KOMPAK, which intensively coordinated with the Dinpermasdes of Pemalang District, the Governance Section of Pemalang District Secretariat, and related OPDs, the District Head Regulation No. 31 of 2019 was finally issued in May 2019.

The District Head Regulation then became the legal basis for the institutionalisation of PTPD in all sub-districts in Pemalang District. “Village-related issues are now becoming more complex. We have 211 villages here. It is our duty to work out how villages in other sub-districts could also receive maximum assistance,” explained Bagus Sutopo, Head of Village Administration of Pemalang Dinpermasdes.

Although the regulation has already been in place, Bagus believes that establishing PTPD in the entire Pemalang area is not an easy job. Apart from budgeting, human resources is also a challenge. “This is something I always discuss with KOMPAK. Can KOMPAK assist all the other sub-districts like they did in Belik? Certainly not. We have to think about this," he concluded.

It is undeniable that PTPD brings a glimmer of hope for an effective and better village governance in Pemalang District. Therefore, Pemalang District does not have to wait long to realise its dreams of progressing prosperously.

1 Village Work Plan (RKP Desa) and Village Budget (APB Desa)

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