Papua and Papua Barat are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua is the larger of the two provinces, with a population of about 3.5 million people.
The poverty rate for Papua is 28%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). Of KOMPAK target districts, eight of the bottom ten in terms of poverty rates were in the Papua region. Three districts – Lanny Jaya, Nabire and Boven Digoel – also had higher rates of poverty in 2018 compared to 2014.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua and Papua Barat through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces.
The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua and Papua Barat include:
Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages. KOMPAK is also advocating to provincial and district governments in Papua to fund the initiative.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.
Partnering with MAHKOTA, another Australian-funded program, to support the Provincial Government of Papua to deliver the BANGGA Papua Universal Child Grant Program, where poor families receive cash grants and education on child health and nutrition.
Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.
The BANGGA Papua program acknowledges how crucial the role of mothers is: they are considered the ones who know best regarding their children's health and nutritional needs.
For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.
“Many of our residents do not receive the benefits they deserve [from proper service delivery] because of unsynchronized data between different levels of government.”
"The messages on health and nutrition for mothers have been very helpful for us in the village," explained Marike Gobay, the former head of the health centre in Bibida Sub-district, Papua province. “I have enormous hopes for the BANGGA Papua program because I have seen firsthand how it helped increase awareness about good nutrition practices for mothers. They also received the money to buy nutritious food for their children."
Syuru is a village located on the southern edge of the town of Agats, the capital of Asmat district in Papua. Just a 10-minute walk from the centre of Agats. Syuru is similar to other areas in Asmat district, built on a swamp, muddy and affected by tides. Most of the villagers earn their living as fishermen and farmers.
“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.
The Otsus policy for Papua and Papua Barat, based on Law (UU) No. 21 of 2001, is ending in 2021. Meanwhile, the poverty rate in Papua is still the highest in Indonesia with significant gap in achieving quality development outcomes compared to other regions. Improved planning and implementing mechanisms are needed to accelerate the achievement of development targets in Tanah Papua. To that end, KOMPAK conducted a study on, “Extension Options for Special Autonomy Fund 2022–2041: Towards a Prosperous and Self-Sufficient Tanah Papua.” The study analyzed options for the sustainability of the Special Autonomy Fund in Tanah Papua after 2021.
This book is part of the Covid-19 Response Village Task Force Handbook series. As a form of LANDASAN-KOMPAK's contribution to the prevention of transmission and handling of Covid-19 in Papua and West Papua.
This feasibility study was conducted to find out whether blockchain and other technology trials could be carried out to help implement the BANGGA Papua program. To answer this, we collected data by conducting desk reviews, interviews, and field observations, to describe the existing business processes. Furthermore, it was necessary to identify what kind of technology use could reduce the gap between the expected situation and the current situation in the field. The conclusion of this study is that improvement in the implementation of BANGGA Papua is needed, by using the appropriate technologies, as summarised in the following three recommendations. The first recommendation is for the continued development of the BANGGA Papua Management Information System (MIS) by adding features and data integration, so that the registration process and determination of beneficiaries are more efficient. The second is for the use of biometrics to improve the quality of verification and validation of beneficiaries in the field. The third is for the monitoring of beneficiary transactions at the location of expenditure, so that the funds channelled can be monitored for further evaluation.