About West Nusa Tenggara

West Nusa Tenggara – known as NTB – has a population of 4.7 million and is located to the east of Bali. The 2018 earthquake resulted in severe infrastructure, economic, and social damage, and claimed over 500 lives. The district of Lombok Utara was the most severely affected with nearly 90% of all infrastructure destroyed.

The poverty rate in NTB is 15%, with some wide regional variations (BPS, 2018). Lombok Utara has the highest poverty rate at 32%, while the other KOMPAK target districts had poverty rates below 20%.

KOMPAK in West Nusa Tenggara

Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of NTB and four districts: Lombok Utara, Lombok Timur, Sumbawa and Bima.

KOMPAK’s support to NTB for 2019-2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic education services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.

Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in NTB include:

  • Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.

  • Contributions towards improvements in civil registration and vital statistics, such as using supporting villages to fund, engage and train village registration officers. KOMPAK is also supporting Bappenas to develop national guidelines for providing CRVS services in post-disaster situations based on lessons from the response to the 2018 Lombok earthquake.

  • Piloting market linkage approach where coffee, seaweed and other local producers are supported to form business groups, develop partnerships with local businesses, and gain access to national buyers.

  • Supporting the Paradigta Academy to train and mentor women from villages to take more active roles in local government, village councils and women’s groups.

  • Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.

The Synergy between West Nusa Tenggara Government with KOMPAK in Alleviating Poverty

The partnership between the NTB Provincial Government and KOMPAK has been able to contribute in reducing poverty in NTB through various learning references and good practices in Inspiration Forum.

Three of KOMPAK’s Supported Models Won The 2021 TOP 45 Public Service Innovation Award

Three of KOMPAK’s supported models won the 2021 TOP 45 Public Service Innovation Award at the 2021 National Public Service Innovation Competition (SINOVIK) event.

Lombok Utara District Won the Regional Development Award

Government of Lombok Utara District (KLU) has incised national achievement by winning the runner up position of Regional Development Award (PPD) Year 2018 out of 416 districts in Indonesia. PPD is the highest award given to local governments who have succeeded in planning, achieving good development, and creating innovations and breakthroughs in development planning.

Good Practice
KOMPAK-CRVS Implementation Stories in NTB Province

Cerita Pendampingan KOMPAK-PASH di Provinsi NTB

Good Practice
Strengthening the Strategic Role of District/City PAUD-HI Task Forces

The PAUD-HI Task Force which is competent in carrying out its role has proven to be able to encourage improvements in the implementation of PAUD-HI. The Task Force plays a strategic role in actualizing policies issued by the central and regional governments, managing coordination across sectors and levels of government to address the challenges of implementing HI ECD, as well as developing cooperation to improve the quality of HI ECD resources with institutions outside the local government.

Good Practice
DID Team: A Catalyst for Revenue Opportunities and Quality of Utilization of Regional Incentive Funds

Regional Incentive Funds, or abbreviated as DID, are part of the Transfer to Regions and Village Funds (TKDD) sourced from the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBN) to certain regions based on certain criteria/categories with the aim of rewarding improvements and/or achievements certain performance in the areas of regional financial governance, public government services, basic public services, and public welfare. The DID assessment indicators (for recipient selection purposes) are basically indicators of regional development performance which are the responsibility of all regional apparatus from various levels of government in the region. However, many regions do not understand the indicators and procedures for calculating DID, so the opportunity to increase funding capacity through DID is not fully utilized.

Story of Change
The New Spirit of North Lombok Tourism Villages

Partnership between local government, KOMPAK, academicians, private sector, local communities, and media has driven the development of tourism village to be more collaborative and synergistic

Story of Change
Village Development Clinic: An Innovative Solution for Village Governance Enhancement

The 2014 Law No. 6 on Villages (Village Law) has brought about fundamental changes in village governance. Thanks to the initiative to increase the capacity of the village apparatus in Aikmel Village, East Lombok, the quality of basic services has been improved, With significantly pro-poor and pro-vulnerable people village planning and budgeting processes.

Story of Change
Muni’ah and The Migrants Receive Social Assistance

The ripe-old age, economically impoverished, and knowledge-in-minimum have made the immigrants too helpless to register their residency status. However, without them realizing it, they need to complete the legal identity documents to access the government social assistance.

Story of Change
Accelerating Social Assistance to Those in Need: Village Information System Integrations

Since 2016, Rarang Selatan Village has been developing the SID with the support of the Lombok Timur District Government and KOMPAK. The SID generates accurate data so the village development program can be right on target focusing on the needs of the community

Story of Change
First Social Assistance at Twilight Age

A number of residents of Suradadi, a village in West Nusa Tenggara, were finally eligible for Village Fund Cash Assistance (BLT-Dana Desa) after obtaining KTP and KK.

Story of Change
Using Legal Identity Documents to Access Education Services

As a direct result of this effort, 90% of children aged 0–18 years in Muer Village have successfully obtained birth certificate and KIA by 2020. These children were able to gain access to education services.

Story of Change
Let Hafazah Smiles Again

Hafazah, 50, lives with her two children in Kalijaga Timur village, Lombok Timur district. She works as a farm labourer where she earns about 250 rupees a day (A$5). Her son, Artik, is mentally handicapped and sometimes becomes upset and damages their neighbour’s property. She has wanted to get medical treatment for Artik in Mataram, the capital city, but has been unable to access these services due to not having any legal identity documents for herself or Artik.

Story of Change
DAK Fisik: Encouraging Government to Provide Quality Basic Services

Abdul Malik, Secretary of the Sumbawa Health Office, looks proud when showing the new Batulenteh Health Centre located in Sumbawa district, West Nusa Tenggara. "All the equipment is new, and it has an ambulance. The patients definitely feel more comfortable getting treatment here," Malik said.

Story of Change
Collaborating with Universities to Strengthen Civil Registration Services in East Lombok

The University Building Village Program (UMD) has extended to East Lombok District. Preparations began in June 2019 with the drafting of KKN guidelines

Story of Change
Providing Vital Post-Earthquake Emergency Administration Services

A series of earthquakes rocked the island of Lombok, in West Nusa Tenggara province (NTB), in July and August 2018. The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) recorded 560 fatalities, 1,469 injured and 396,032 displaced. Physical damage included 83,392 damaged private dwellings, with 3,540 public and social facilities also damaged. By region, the most serious damage and losses caused by the Lombok earthquakes were mostly confined to North Lombok district. In addition to the casualties and physical damage, the Lombok earthquake also meant that many people lost important legal documents, such as identity cards (KTP), birth certificates (AK), family cards (KK) and marriage certificates (AP).

Story of Change
Collaboration to Accelerate Legal Identity Ownership For The Coastal And Inland Communities

The Australian Government through KOMPAK (Kolaborasi Masyarakat dan Pelayanan untuk Kesejahteraan) program, in partnership with the Government of Indonesia, supports the poverty eradication programs in accordance with the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2014-2019.

Story of Change
Legal Identity: Poverty Alleviation through Increasing Access to Basic Services

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (BAPPENAS) telah meluncurkan kajian, ’Menemukan, Mencatat, Melayan: Kelahiran dan Kematian di Indonesia.’ Kegiatan ini memberikan sosialisasi atas temuan dan rencana program untuk melembagakan identitas hukum dan sistem CRVS untuk layanan dasar.

Seize the Momentum and Involve Everyone

Muhammad, Head of Public Governance Sub-Division of Rarang Selatan Village, East Lombok District

Programmatic Research
The Development of a Performance-Based Grant System (PBGS) for Villages in Indonesia The Case of Kabupaten Bima

The Development of a Performance-Based Grant System (PBGS) for Villages in Indonesia The Case of Kabupaten Bima

Publication > Technical Guidelines and Policy Paper
Technical Guidelines for Drafting Village Regulations About Village Authority Based on Origin Rights and Village-Scale Local Authorities

Structuring village authority is one of the focuses of attention of the government and the government of West Nusa Tenggara Province because it is a fundamental issue in order to support the realization of more effective, efficient, focused village governance and be responsible. In addition, the arrangement of village authority will provide legitimacy for the Village Government in allocating resources legally and directed according to the Village Authority.

Publication > Technical Guidelines and Policy Paper
Guidelines for Facilitating Replication and Institutionalization Village Budget School and Aspiration Command Post

The initiative to strengthen the capacity of the BPD and the community, including vulnerable groups, is one of the models KOMPAK has piloted in encouraging the strengthening of social accountability in villages. Since the implementation of the Village Law, many development priorities at the village level have been decided at the village level. Due to the limited channels for community aspirations for village planning, KOMPAK together with the National Secretariat of Fitra pushed for the formation of the Aspirations Post where the community could convey development constraints and priorities that need attention from the village government. On the other hand, the role and function of the BPD is also strengthened through the Village Budget School (Sekar) where the BPD and the community receive training on transparent and inclusive village governance. Furthermore, the resolution of residents' aspirations and complaints is followed up, for example, discussed in the Village Deliberation or Musrenbangdes, escorted into the Village RPJM, Village RKP and Village Budget, or used as the basis for the formulation of Service Declarations, both at the village and supra-village levels.